Share your experience of fertilizing pepper plants

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Reader Nguyen Minh Vinh sent an article to share his experience in growing and caring for pepper. would like to introduce the article to pepper growers and hope to receive many comments to share.

Transplanting Pepper is an extremely difficult plant, but if you understand it well, there is nothing terrible. If you are not diligent, I recommend you to grow coffee, rubber or something like that.

Talking about pepper is a vast topic that any pepper grower talks about. From fertilizing, creating pruning branches to caring for pests. So, like Dr. Nguyen Hoang, it’s only a brief introduction. Those of you who know how to use the internet to learn about pepper plants are more or less educated. According to the experience drawn from my long-term practice of growing pepper, I would like to share the implementation of the basic steps of fertilizing as follows:It is best to fertilize in the direction of sustainable organic and microbiological development in combination with time“.

Choose a good plant variety suitable for soil quality, then fertilize the pepper with 10-15 kg rotting manure on the stump as Dr. Nguyen Hoang instructed to mix with Metharizum (taken from Chu Se land) to prevent mealybugs from damaging the roots. You know, pepper roots are very vulnerable. If harmful microorganisms attack at a young age, the plant will not grow well. Should put micro-organic fertilizer divided into several batches in the rainy season, plants will grow very well. Note that pepper plants have very few diseases in the first 3 years of planting if the soil is handled well. At the end of the rainy season, you should add a little phosphorus to increase the drought tolerance for pepper in the dry season (organic phosphate fertilizer with chicken manure). In the case of yellow leaves due to a lack of microelements such as Mg, Bo… should spray less micronutrient foliar fertilizer or a certain concentrated organic microorganism that meets the standards, the plant recovers very quickly. (This method can be used for large pepper with joint dislocation and yellowing of leaves.)

As for fertilizing and watering, you should use the sustainable development method, pay attention: The roots are very damaged, you should not break the roots. Therefore, it is recommended to soak the fertilizer to dissolve before applying it and apply it at a distance of 50-60cm from the root, in addition to scattering a little. The best time to fertilize and treat drugs is in the early morning and cool afternoon (do not apply more than 9 am and before 3 pm), pepper plants are difficult to calculate here. In case of not soaking, but burying to feed gradually, it is recommended to lightly dig outside the canopy of the tree stump, 60cm deep and about 5cm deep, and fill it with soil from far away. Fertilizing according to TS is also possible but note 2 kg of chicken manure scattered around the pepper. (treatment of nematodes and pests not mentioned in this article)

Fertilize when the official pepper for harvest, this problem is very painful because I always hear when to fertilize? when? what time? and how to fertilize?… thousands of questions like.

First, depending on the pepper area that fertilizes. Must be based on the time of harvest in the previous year. If your home has 2 or more varieties of pepper, it is easier to have experience. Usually when the Indian pepper is just ripe, Vinh Linh pepper will make the seeds firm, you should remove Potassium and organic fertilizer Amino to make sure the seeds are large. The amount of fertilizer in the final phase helps the plant to be productive and prevent decay.

After harvesting, it is necessary to create pruning branches without fertilizing anything to reduce pepper. The time to stop digestion is from 30-45 days depending on the consumption or failure. Near the rainy season, it is advisable to wash pepper leaves with copper-based medicine + lime to prevent fungus. Then water 2-3 times to make it wet like rain (note not to fertilize). The tree only eats manure when it starts to produce young leaves, when the young leaves come out, the roots are sprouting. Apply the first batch very heavily, should use organic rich in humate, this time is very important because pepper causes cotton. The most important thing is whether or not pepper is productive this time, because improperly fertilized pepper will produce 2 flowers, making it very difficult to harvest or take care of. After seeing the young leaves appear, spray insecticide, aphids suck sap and treat root nematodes. It is recommended to spray once with a foliar fertilizer rich in microelements or a concentrated organic fertilizer. Spray at any time you see signs of a lack of yellow leaves.

When the tree begins to set young fruit, it is recommended to pour the root with micro-organic fertilizer and spray anti-falling, fruit rot. Note that this season is the rainy season, pests suck a lot, turn the back of the leaves and there are leafhoppers attached to young leaves, you should spray to kill them.

When pepper starts to make seeds, fertilize again 3 times, all using specialized biological organic for pepper (Humic, …) and the 4th time to make seeds is to use NPK in which Potassium is high, N and P are low. stop. And when the fruit is big, as I said above, when the Indian pepper is ripe, it is 5 times. +1 times organic addition of treated rotting chicken manure. You should divide it into several times to fertilize, like eating rice, but if you cook a bag of rice once, you can eat it, so will pepper plants. How much quantity? Depending on the tree that is scattered around the canopy, the roots are large and small. Fertilize or spray and apply the base fertilizer according to the instructions on the fertilizer package. Pay attention to carefully read the instructions before use, avoiding the Vietnamese people’s thought that they are over-fertilizing to be sure. Should apply the right fertilizer, the right dose and the right time (according to 4 correct).

Note: You should not give other people goat grass because it will degrade your soil. Burn and remove diseased pepper plants in a clean garden to the last leaf, replace the bad ones with new ones, then thoroughly destroy them. Treat the soil well, prevent disease is better than cure, make drainage ditches carefully because pepper plants are very afraid of waterlogging, make clean eel pepper shoots 40-50cm away from the root… Wish you all success.

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