Source: Institute of Policy and Strategy for Rural Development (IPSARD)
Vietnam’s agricultural, forestry and fishery exports to the ASEAN market account for more than 8% of Vietnam’s total AFF exports. In the first eight months of 2021, Vietnam’s AFF exports to ASEAN countries reached $2,466 million, down 1.64% over the same period in 2020, while imports reached $4,395 million, up 114% over the same period in 2020. In August 2021 alone, AFF export turnover reached 325 million USD, up 13.61% over the previous month and up 5.39% over the same period in 2020.
The main export items of Vietnam to ASEAN in August 2021 are rice (accounting for 48%), seafood (accounting for 13.26%), fertilizers of all kinds (accounting for 6.25%), coffee (accounting for 6.25%). accounting for 7.57%). Compared to July 2021, there are 7/14 AFF products with an increase in export turnover, the highest being rice (up 56%), rubber (up 26%), meat and meat products (up 25%). while some items with a decrease in turnover were tea (down 33%), fertilizers of all kinds (tiarm 30%), cassava and cassava products (down 29%). Compared to the same period in 2020, 9/14 items have an increase in export turnover, especially meat and meat products with the highest increase with 647%, pepper up 91%, rubber up 47%, tea up 27 % while only 5/14 items had a decrease in export turnover, the most were cassava and cassava products down 93%, vegetables down 25%, cashew nuts down 22% (Details are in the attached appendix).
USDA forecasts that the Philippines, the world’s second largest rice buyer, will increase rice imports by 10% to 2.2 million tons in the 2021-2022 crop year, keeping its milled rice production forecast for the Philippines unchanged. in crop year 2021-2022 at 12.3 million tonnes. The Philippine Department of Agriculture said the total rice supply this year could reach 17.71 million tons. The Philippines had rice stocks at the end of the year at 3,314 tons as total demand was pegged at 14,398 tons. The government is aiming to expand the country’s unmilled rice production by 5% to a record 21 million tonnes (MMT) next year thanks to a 55 billion peso investment in the rice sector.
The Malaysian Pepper Board (MPB) is focusing on efforts to improve pepper quality at the farm level through the selection of varieties grown to produce premium white (LPK) and black pepper such as quality pepper. export (LBE). This initiative is implemented through the Grow Pepper Maturity Scheme and the New Pepper Plantation Scheme under the Pepper Industry Development program. Currently, Malaysia ranks 5th in the world in pepper production, competing with Vietnam, Indonesia and India. Vietnam’s pepper production stands at 240,000 tons while Indonesia (77,000 tons) and India (60,000 tons) for 2020, while Malaysia is at 30,800 tons.
On September 13, 2021, the General Department of Customs of China and the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Laos signed the Protocol on phytosanitary requirements for export to China for fresh passion fruit from Laos. Up to now, a total of 8 agricultural products from Laos have been exported to China: rice, corn, banana, watermelon, dried cassava, sweet potato, fresh beans and passion fruit.
The Department of Railway Transport of Thailand recently announced plans to develop areas in Nong Khai to prepare for the railway connection with Laos as Thailand increases trade with China along the railway connecting the three countries. . The 471km-long Laos-China railway is almost completed, and the first train from China to Vientiane is expected to arrive on December 2. Part of this route will be extended from the capital of Laos to the border with Thailand. Thailand hopes to be able to connect with Laos and China by 2028. Better rail connectivity between Thailand and China will boost trade and investment, especially in the Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC). ) of Thailand, allowing Thai products to arrive in Southern China within a day and a half, compared with two or three days when shipping by land and up to a week by sea.
China and Thailand have signed an agreement to open seven new ports for trade in agricultural products between the two countries, increasing the number of Sino-Thai agricultural trading ports to 16 ports, including 6 ports in Thailand and 10 ports. in China. The opening of the China-Laos railway at the end of the year has created favorable conditions for Yunnan province to have four ports of Sino-Thai agricultural trade.
On September 9, 2021, the Cambodian National Assembly ratified the Bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with China. The Cambodia-China FTA Agreement (CCFTA) spans many fields, including trade, tourism, investment, transportation and agriculture. China will provide duty-free status for about 98% of goods imported from Cambodia while Cambodia has agreed to exempt up to 90% of goods imported from China from duty. Although the majority of Cambodia’s exports to China are duty-free through the ASEAN-China Free Trade Area (ACFTA), the CCFTA extends duty-free trade to more than 340 products, such as aquatic products, garlic, cashews and dried chili. Through the CCFTA, Cambodia hopes to increase bilateral trade with China to $10 billion by 2023, up from $8 billion in 2020.