Agriculture in the Central Highlands: Arbitrary development

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UNDERSTANDING INDUSTRIAL PLANT KEY ROUND

The Central Highlands has a total agricultural land area of ​​over 5 million hectares, accounting for 91.75% of the area’s natural land area, including 1.3 million hectares of basalt red soil. According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Central Highlands has a favorable climate for the development of fruit trees, industrial plants, forestry trees, and high-quality medicinal plants with large output and competitiveness, such as coffee. , pepper, avocado, durian, rubber, cassava, wood, Ngoc Linh ginseng…

Mr. Kpă Thuyen, Vice Chairman of Gia Lai Provincial People’s Committee, said that in the 2016-2021 period, the province has converted 38,638 hectares of inefficient crops to other crops with higher economic efficiency.

The whole province currently has 32,720 hectares of plants applying advanced and water-saving irrigation technology; about 227,176 hectares of crops of all kinds produced according to standards. Gia Lai province has also established 18 high-tech agricultural production areas with a total area of ​​3,490 ha with main crops such as: bananas, avocados, durians, dragon fruit, chili peppers, coffee, etc. vegetables, flowers, etc. Gia Lai is focusing on developing agricultural production in the direction of concentrated goods associated with processing.

The Central Highlands ranks first in the country in terms of output of coffee, pepper, avocado and passion fruit. Compared to the output with the whole country, the Central Highlands coffee accounts for 94.8%; rubber accounted for 22.1%, pepper accounted for 68.6%. Some fruit trees grew rapidly, durian accounted for 43.1% of the area and 36.3% of the output; avocado accounts for 78.1% of the area and 81.9% of the output. Along with that, the Central Highlands is the largest passion fruit production area in the country, accounting for over 70% of the area.

MANY DIFFICULTY CHALLENGES

There is a lot of potential for development, but agriculture in the Central Highlands is also facing many difficulties and challenges. According to experts, the problems facing the Central Highlands are the lack of water for irrigation in the dry season; Technical infrastructure in service of agricultural production is still lacking, unable to meet the needs of developing large commodity production.

Meanwhile, farming and harvesting technology is still manual and outdated; The quality of plant and animal breeds is not high, the management of plant varieties is not really good, there is still a situation of trading in poor quality seed sources.

The development situation of production and export of key products in recent years in the Central Highlands shows a great dependence on natural conditions. This makes the export unstable, the harvest is depreciated, the price is lost. The quality of key agricultural products is not uniform, so there are many technical barriers to trade.

The main products of the Central Highlands such as coffee, rubber, pepper, cashew, sweet potatoes, etc., although they are at the top or in the top group of goods in the world, are still dependent on price fluctuations in the market. world.

Some commodities still depend too heavily on some markets or market areas, such as: rubber products are too dependent on the Chinese market, and coffee products depend too much on the European market. Whenever there is a fluctuation in these markets, it will immediately greatly and negatively affect the production and consumption of products in the Central Highlands.

“Farmers in the Central Highlands develop agriculture arbitrarily, disrupting the planning. Whenever the selling price of a certain product such as coffee, pepper, or cashew is low, farmers are willing to cut down that tree to switch to another tree, even though they know it takes 3-5 years to grow a new crop. new for harvest, leading to unstable yields.

Mr. Phung Duc Tien, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development.

In addition, farmers’ ability to access and absorb farming techniques in the Central Highlands is quite slow. Also because of arbitrariness, many farmers in the Central Highlands are willing to break contracts when traders pay higher prices, etc.

Most farmers in this area still lack linkages in the production – processing chain. The relationship between actors participating in the value chain of agricultural products has not been established sustainably on the basis of a harmonious and balanced treatment of interests.

Therefore, the lack of association with processing, consumption and export, leading to passive export, has not been able to find stable markets.

Therefore, in order to develop agriculture in the Central Highlands sustainably, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Phung Duc Tien said the ministry will focus on a number of key contents such as organizing the implementation of master plans, plans and projects on agricultural and rural development in the Central Highlands. In which, identifying priority crops and livestock, building a number of centers for the production of high-value agricultural and industrial crops.

At the same time, it will develop strongly, focusing on replicating appropriate and effective forms of production organization. Promote agricultural cooperation and linkage within the region and with the Southeast, South Central Coast, as well as the whole country. Support and promote the application and transfer of science and technology, especially high technology, digital agriculture, and clean and organic agricultural production.

Mr. Ho Van Muoi, Chairman of Dak Nong Provincial People's Committee.
Mr. Ho Van Muoi, Chairman of Dak Nong Provincial People’s Committee.

It is possible to promote the development of commodity value chains in the Central Highlands in the direction of developing cooperatives, farmers, and cooperative groups in responsible and environmentally friendly use of agricultural land. To do so, farmers also need to be realistic in their decisions about production. Enterprises are key, playing a very important role with other parties to interact, build and develop brands for agricultural products in the Central Highlands when the level of participation in the multi-piece value chain is still limited.

It is proposed that central ministries and branches invite and connect partners and businesses to the Central Highlands to invest, form and develop regions for producing and exporting agricultural products with strengths to meet the requirements of the Central Highlands. technical and regulatory barriers of the consumer market of the country.

Mr. Johan Van Den Ban, General Director of De Heus Group Vietnam.
Mr. Johan Van Den Ban, General Director of De Heus Group Vietnam.

Enterprises need to invest more in agriculture in the Central Highlands, jointly build a chain of high-tech agricultural complex projects in order to build the Central Highlands to be a disease- and production-free zone. high quality agricultural products in a closed chain. Our company is investing in shaping the Central Highlands into a center for supplying piglets and developing high-tech breeding models of Vietnam.

In the coming time, De Heus will continue to develop new chain links to improve the quality of the value chain and improve the lives of not only farmers and business people but also all Vietnamese consumers. .

According to Vneconomy

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